Choosing a cottage base for recreation with children

Kids need impressions. A trip to the bereznyak, to the lake or to the spring is perfect for replenishing the knowledge base and skills of the baby. When studying vacation spots in the Leningrad region, take into account the tips that will allow you to turn a vacation with a child into an absolute pleasure!

Do not go far away to the Leningrad region

Kids don’t respect the hard road. Tedious hours on the plane, tedious shaking in the car, the difference in time zones — it takes out of patience not only the baby, but also his mom and dad. Teach […]

Budget Travel

The problem of defining the term tourism

The terms “tourism” and “travel” cannot be identified. Firstly, the trip can be short, without an overnight stay, and tourism necessarily involves spending the night outside the house. Secondly, travel is often carried out for the purpose of earning money or changing your place of residence. Tourism cannot pursue such goals, it assumes the opposite — spending money earned by a tourist at home.

It is quite difficult to give a brief and at the same time complete definition of the concept of “tourism”, due to the variety of functions performed by it and a large number of forms of manifestation. […]


Tourism classifications

Depending on the criterion by which the trip is evaluated, many classifications can be distinguished.

Recreational tourism

medical tourism

health tourism

educational (excursion) tourism

sports tourism

extreme tourism

for the purpose of travel

by landscape and geographical features

by mode of travel: active, transport tourism.

Business tourism

Other classifications

according to the method of equipment

, according to the organizational form

, according to age and social characteristics

, according to activity during vacation

, according to other characteristics.

Tourism functions

Tourism as a multidimensional phenomenon performs a large number of functions that can be divided into several large groups.

Social and humanitarian functions:

cognitive and educational function – acquisition and replenishment of knowledge, acquaintance with nature, history, culture of […]


Types of tourism


Currently, there are quite a few classifications of tourism. Depending on the factors underlying it, it is divided into the following types:


1) by orientation – to international (consists of entry and exit) and domestic;


2) by nature – organized and active;


3) by time duration – short-term and long-term (from one-day to multi-day);


4) according to the range of movement – near and far;


5) according to the number of tourists – collective (group) and individual;


6) according to the method of transportation – pedestrian, bicycle, horse (as well as movement with the help of other animals – dogs, deer, yaks, camels, mules, etc.), ski, […]


The composition of the tourism system

Tourism currently represents a whole system that includes a variety of elements. These include: a tourist product, i.e. a set of tourist services and tours (or routes that meet the basic needs of people; a subject of tourism – citizens of Russia and foreign countries, public, state and private enterprises and organizations of tourism and travel; a participant of tourism – i.e. a citizen using products and services created by the tourism system; object – the entire sphere of tourism-related services (food, accommodation, transport, cultural institutions, natural, cultural–historical, sports, wellness and other facilities); organizer – a legal entity or individual […]


The tourist product finally turned into an economic category only in the conditions of mass tourism.

The intensity of tourism is an indicator that gives an idea of what part of the country’s population (as a percentage) makes at least one trip annually. When the intensity of tourism is above 50%, we can say that tourism in this country has a massive character. The tourist balance of a country is the ratio between the cost of goods and services sold to foreigners in a given country and the cost of goods and services sold to citizens of a given country abroad. If the tourism balance is positive, then they say that tourism is active for the […]